Is Solo Hiking for You?

Take a look at the two images. Which looks more appealing to you?
an empty trail ahead or a few people with you?
solo hiking       group hiking

We humans are social animals. We normally prefer others around us and enjoy sharing experiences with others.
In some situations, some of us like to experience the world alone. If the empty, open trail beckons to you, then solo hiking might be what you're looking for.

Deciding to solo hike or not is completely your decision. Whether you go out alone, with a couple friends, or with a large group there are potential consequences with which you need to be prepared to deal.
Check out recent Lost Hikers and Deaths.

solo hiking benefits

Benefits of Solo Hiking

Being out on the trail all by yourself can be very rewarding in many ways:
  • Spiritual Health - Solitude allows time for self-examination, relaxation away from the rat race for awhile, and a chance to meditate, contemplate, or just zone out for miles at a time.
  • Outdoor Skills - When part of a group, it is easy to rely on the skills of others to find your way, cook your food, keep you safe, and make all the tough decisions. Solo hiking relies on your own skills and knowledge. Ensuring you have the skills before going solo is key.
  • Own Pace - A group can only move as fast as its slowest member. That means everyone is either going faster or slower than they would like to be. A solo hiker moves as fast as he desires and can alter his pace whenever he wants.
  • Flexibility - Changes to your pace, camping location, route, rest breaks, and everything else having to do with the hike can be made as you want. There's no group buy-in required so you can hike your own hike. When significantly altering your route, it's important to inform someone of your new plans, just in case you need to be found.
  • Challenge - Push yourself to hike faster, farther, or longer hours than you're used to. Build up to more difficult trails, uncomfortable weather, and rough environments.
  • Meet your Fears - Many of us have fears that have little basis. Whether you're afraid of wild animals, heights, darkness, storms, being alone, or whatever, a solo hike can help you overcome those fears.
  • Meet Nature - Hiking with a group, especially youth, there is not much hope of seeing any real wildlife. The noise, smell, and general invasion will drive most everything away. Just a short hike alone in the early morning will allow you to see many kinds of animals - a longer solo hike gives you even more opportunity.
    Any bit of nature that interests you can be observed. The group won't let you sit and watch flowers, butterflies, waterfalls, clouds, animal tracks, or falling leaves for long. Out on your own, you can spend your hours however you like.
  • Responsibility - The solo hiker can say "I did it myself" when finished. Responsibility for the success of the adventure is completely his, as is the pride of completion. Along the way, responsibility for minimizing impact, caring for the trail, staying safe, and being self-sufficient is also his alone.

hiking alone

Concerns of Solo Hiking

Travel alone does have some potential drawbacks which you should address long before stepping foot on the trail:
  • Loneliness - The mental drain of isolation is a huge drawback to solo hiking. Long distance trail hikers fail to finish because of injury, poor planning, but most often because of loneliness - the days with no one to talk with become long and boring. Honestly assessing how this will affect you and how you'll deal with it is a crucial planning step. Will an electronic music player or book reader keep you sane? Do you enjoy being alone for days at a time already?
    This is different than living in an apartment alone. On the trail, there's no city noise, background traffic, or other white noise that lets you know you're in civilization.
  • Heavy Heart - With someone else around, they can encourage and support you when you're feeling down, tired, or grumpy. When it's just you, a bad case of the blues might be enough to send you off the trail and back home. This is the bane of thru-hikers.
  • Heavy Load - No one will be around to carry part of the gear. It's all on your shoulders. But, since there's only one person, there should be very little extra gear. Your shelter, kitchen, water treatment, first aid kit, and navigation items could be split among multiple people, but the rest increases directly as the group size grows.

hiking dangers

Real Dangers

Whether alone or not, there are real dangers of being in the wild. Being prepared to deal with these is your responsibility when heading out:
  • Getting Lost - With no one to check your map reading and direction finding, losing your way is the most common problem for solo hikers. Just take a look at the Lost Hikers recent news and you'll see that it happens often. Learn all about wilderness navigation and practice it often before setting out on your own. There's a good beginner site at Compass Dude to start you in the right direction :-)
    Global Positioning Systems (GPS) are handy and efficient, but a map and compass should always be ready as a backup. Even with good navigation skills, nature can turn you around with wind, blizzards, fog, overgrown paths, and snow cover. Still the best thing to do when lost is S T O P - Stop Think Observe Plan.
    Whatever you do, don't expect your cellphone to save you.
  • Humans - Human attacks are a potential problem, especially for solo female hikers. The closer to populated areas you hike, the more probable you'll encounter a weirdo. Be friendly but not outgoing to people you meet. Give an impression that your hiking partner should be along soon. Pepper spray might be something to take with you if you are concerned with strangers.
  • Animals - Animals may attack you in order to protect themselves, their young, or their food. Keep your eyes and ears open.
    Large animal attacks, such as bear, cougar, or wolf are extremely rare. If you hike in their habitat, take some time to educate yourself on their behavior and how you should handle yourself. Hear are a couple starter pages about bears, cougars, wolves.
    Eating your meal on the trail a mile before you set up camp and then storing your smellable items securely solves most problems.
    You will more likely be bothered by insects, rodents, or an occasional snake. Insects bite, sting, and bother enough to make a hike completely miserable. Timing a hike to evade dusk and dawn, wearing appropriate clothing or netting, and using insect repellent will take care of most insects. Being careful not to disturb nests or hives is also a good idea.
    You might come across a snake sunning in the trail. Keep your eyes and ears open. If you encounter one, give it a wide berth and wait for it to slither off the trail. If you get bit, use your first aid skills to treat the bite and get to medical help.
    Most probably, you will have problems with mice, chipmunks, or raccoons seeking out your food. They can quickly chew through your pack and cause a real mess. Store your food and pack securely to prevent this problem.
  • Natural Events - Wind, rain, snow, lightning, sun, flood, earthquake, falling rocks, falling trees, wildfire - a long list of natural events that can be annoyances or catastrophies. Knowing how to read the weather is an important skill. Having proper gear to protect from adverse weather makes sense. Make camp in safe areas - not on high places, open places, close to cliffs, under large limbs, or close to creeks.
    There is little you can do about some natural events, such as earthquake, tsunami, or wildfire, but you can do some disaster preparedness.
  • Injuries - No matter how well you prepare nor how careful you are, an injury is always a real possibility in the wild. As long as you hike steadily on a well-groomed trail, the risk is minimal. But, rough terrain, water crossings, rock scrambling, cooking, and other risy tasks can result in stumbles and falls, burns, and cuts. Of course, an adequate first aid kit is an essential part of any hiking pack but the knowledge on how to use it and how to improvise other aid is even more essential. Before going solo, Wilderness First Aid training should be completed. You'll be the only one around so you'll need to know what to do and how to do it.

hiking tips

Solo Hiking Advice and Tips

OK, so there's good reasons to go solo, things that might make it not so fun, and some trouble you can get into. How about a few tips and tidbits to help keep you safe when you finally decide to give solo hiking a try:
  • Be realistic about your skills, pain threshold, endurance, and what you enjoy. If group hiking is more fun, stick with that.
  • Think of yourself as a person that you are with - you are not alone, you are with yourself! You can share the nature you see, hear, taste, and feel with yourself. You will have the memories of your experiences forever and you can recall them any time.
  • Make your hike FUN and SPECIAL - take a chunk of chocolate for a break at 5 miles, or plan on an ice cream sundae when you make it to the next town.
  • Know the area where you will hike - research weather patterns, trails, bailout points, wildlife range, elevations, water sources, private properties.
  • Stay on the Trail - cross-country travel can be exciting but damages the environment and makes it difficult to find you, just in case.
  • Take baby steps - short day hikes, overnighter trips, weekend outings, week-long backpacking, then long distance treks.
  • Become confident - this is different than arrogant. Arrogance is an attitude of superiority while confidence is faith that you will act in the right way because you have skills. Read, ask questions, practice skills, take baby steps, know how to use your gear, and finally take longer hikes.
  • skills for hiking
  • Think through "What If" scenarios - what if the campsite is occupied, the stove breaks, the water filter breaks, my foot breaks, I lose my map or drop my compass, a bear/wolverine/cougar crosses my path or enters camp, the trail is closed, it rains for 1, 2, 3, 4 days, it snows, ... Don't waste time on farfetched scenarios, like snow in Florida on a June hike, but work your way through everything you can think of that might go wrong.
  • Make detailed plans - trail maps, weather forecast and seasonal weather, food requirements, expected mileage, and day-to-day plans will ensure you have longer hikes well planned.
  • Leave a travel itinerary with someone back home. Check in with a ranger station or other land manager at or near the trailhead and tell them your plans.
  • Think each trip through in your mind - using topo maps or Google Earth, visualize how you'll be hiking along, where the steep sections are, where there's forest, meadow, sage, or rock, when you'll be on a windy, open ridge or in a sheltered woods.
  • Get a feel for direction - at any point in time, you should be able to say, "North is that way" and be generally correct. Feeling the time of day and general direction of the sun is all it takes. Understanding where you are on your map, knowing where you want to be going, and having a feel for your direction will alert you to "something's not right" quickly if you take a wrong turn.
    This sense of direction is very difficult for some - if that's your case, you might be better off not going solo.
  • Read trail journals of past hikers. Learn from their experiences and try to visualize yourself in their situations.
  • Use a tracking or signaling device. Spot Messenger or DeLorme InReach are two electronic devices that tell folks back home where you are and allow you to send Check-In or Help messages.

 Apr 08, 2013 - kat o
this is a very awesome article. last week, someone in our country died and everyone blamed solo hiking. i believe that in general, going out in the woods or anywhere else even at home is dangerous. it's proper risk management which makes one a better hiker than the other even compared with an entire team.

i hope everyone gets to read about your post and i hope you could also share insights in my blog entry to help educate everyone about solo hiking.

thanks a bunch!
Jun 06, 2013 - sleeps with bears
Thanks for the article! Although I usually hike with friends or a group, sometimes I want to just sit for 30 minutes and watch the clouds, or take a really good close up of an unusual flower or insect.  This frustrates my fellow backpackers who are trying to get mega miles behind them.  So am thinking of doing some 2-3 day solo hikes. After reading "Wild," have a bit more confidence.  Will look into the tracking device just to keep the hubby happy, thanks for the suggestion.
Jul 22, 2013 - Casi
I appreciate this article so much. Thanks for the great tips. I have recently started to explore and my first day long hike got me hooked.  

Nov 22, 2013 - whawley
I day hike every week and it's tough to find a partner each time (most times) since I hike on weekdays mostly due to family responsibilities on the weekends. Further, the freedom and spiritual quality of my hikes exponentially increase when on my own. I've been doing this for a couple years and since I've recently moved into wolf/bear country I do find I am feeling more apprehensive. Thanks for this article, it reaffirms my resolve to keep regularly indulging in what feeds my soul.
Jan 04, 2014 - Gary Robertson
Excellent solo backpacking advice.  Well stated. Agree -- when it comes to solo trekking, one size doesn't fit all.  Age, fitness, experience, equipment, terrain, weather -- as you pointed out -- lots of factors come into play.  And "wilderness expectations" vary. Some hope for wilderness wildlife encounters, for example, while others are more apprehensive at the prospect.  As one outdoor (humorist) writer recounted, once while backpacking solo along a remote wilderness trail at dusk, he was chased several hundred yards by a blackened tree stump. (Which he mistook for a bear.)

After decades of wilderness solo backpacking -- including many off-trail sojourns -- fully recognize that it carries increased risks -- but as Emerson once pointed out -- going solo (into the woods) offers the best opportunity for "solitary converse with nature."  

Just "be prepared" -- "hike your own hike." Think it was Thoreau who pointed out -- we sit as many risks as we run.    
Jul 30, 2014 - Christian Pedersen
You nailed it in:
Benefits of Solo Hiking
Concerns of Solo Hiking

I have done it and i am doing it again. My passion is cooking while hiking and gathering food, so that plus soundbooks keeps me sane'ish. I have a solar panel and an old mp3 player so i can keep it running for weeks even in clouded weather.
Aug 01, 2014 - Susann
Love all the advice & things to be prepared. I've been trail walking with my daughter all Summer & have become addicted to the peace & joy on our long hikes. She's returning to College soon, & I'm going the hikes alone. All this great advice has given me the resolve to do so.
Aug 05, 2014 - doghiker
Got tired of waiting for all those acquaintances who "really want to go hiking/backpacking with you sometime" to get around to it, so I have been hiking and backpacking solo (well, usually with 1 or 2 dogs--wonderful hiking companions, except they do scare off wildlife) for 20+ years and agree with much of this article. Highly recommend solo travel for all the reasons mentioned in article.  My greatest fear still is other "weirdo" humans on the trail, not wildlife, but so far I've suffered no disasters, natural or man-made.  If disaster eventually does befall me on the trail, at least it will be while doing something I loved...
Oct 04, 2014 - DENNIS
Oct 26, 2014 - waterbuffalo
Love the article and I've found my biggest set back is the loneliness. I'm done solo hikes but done only one solo overnight. Two times I've was suppose to do an overnight but I psyched myself out and hiked out. I make the excuse oh it's too early to make camp and keep on going. Just need to get over that hump!
Oct 27, 2014 - KAL
I am a 30 year old woman and I absolutely love hiking alone. When I hike with others, I feel rushed. I feel the need to entertain or to just talk. When I am out in nature, I like to reflect. I like to think and just take everything in. I can't do that when I am hiking with someone else. I am so thankful that I have a husband who understands this. I try to get out at least once a week for a hike. It's amazing how solo hiking can increase one's confidence! There are real dangers that everyone should be aware of but for the most part, many of our fears are unwarranted.
Dec 30, 2014 - MNRC
"Human attacks are a potential problem, especially for solo female hikers..." I think this rather sexist. Female solo hikers being attacked isn't as common as you think. Female solo hikers tend to be a pretty independent, adventurous, physically fit bunch and would probably be threatening even to a group of men. I would not be so quick to point out how vulnerable females are. All solo hikers face some element of risk.
Dec 30, 2014 - Hiking Dude
@MNRC - It is not sexist.  It is based on statistics.  I don't think it is common for ANY hikers to be attacked - it is extremely rare, but it is more common for females to be attacked than for males to be attacked.
See female hiker attacked google search for some examples.

Mar 14, 2015 - Terry Smithers
Thankyou for an interesting article. I am about to start solo hiking and the information in this article alerted me to a couple of things I had seriously under considered!..... like First Aid!

Apr 06, 2015 - Alicia
Thank You for this article, seriously. I am a female hiker and need some time alone, I am planning to do the TCT and everywhere I turn I hear people discouraging and threatening me with rapists and murderers. This article is treasure and it fills hikers with hope and confidence rather than fear.
Thanks again Dude !
Apr 06, 2015 - Hiking Dude
@Alicia - That sounds like a fun 37-mile trek.  I'm much less concerned with running into trouble out in the wild than in a big city.

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